Dental Materials at a Glance

By: Dr. J. Anthony von Fraunhofer

Course Outline

Dental Materials at a Glance, Second Edition, is the new title in the highly popular At a Glance series. It provides a concise and accessible introduction and revision aid. Following the familiar, easy-to-use At a Glance format, each topic is presented as a double-page spread with key facts accompanied by clear diagrams encapsulating essential information.

With 18 more chapters than the first edition, Dental Materials at a Glance, Second Edition, is fully revised and expanded. Many subtopics have now been given full chapters, and new materials and uses are explained clearly and concisely.

Systematically organized and succinctly delivered, Dental Materials at a Glance, Second Edition, covers:

  • Each major class of dental material and biomaterial
  • Basic chemical and physical properties
  • Clinical handling and application
  • Complications and adverse effects of materials

Dental Materials at a Glance, Second Edition, is the ideal companion for all students of dentistry, residents, and junior clinicians. In addition, the text will provide valuable insight for general dental practitioners wanting to update their materials knowledge and be of immediate application for dental hygienists, dental assistants, dental nurses, and technicians.

About the Authors

Dr. J. Anthony von Fraunhofer is Professor Emeritus at University of Maryland School of Dentistry and formerly was Professor and Director of Biomaterials Science in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. He has an honors degree (BSc) in chemistry and an MSc and PhD in metallurgy as well as having Chartered Scientist, Chartered Chemist, and Chartered Engineer designations from the Science Council of the United Kingdom. Dr. von Fraunhofer also holds Fellowships in the Academy of Dental Materials, ASM International, the Institute of Corrosion, and the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course you’ll be able to:

  1. Define stress, strength, and ultimate strength.
  2. Describe the yield point.
  3. Describe how hardness is measured.
  4. Describe the three types of color receptors.
  5. Discuss the physical properties of gypsum.
  6. Describe various types of waxes.
  7. Discuss zinc oxide-eugenol pastes.
  8. Discuss problems with alginate impressions according to Table 7.2.
  9. Compare the four types of resins.
  10. Define the lost wax process and list requirements of investment material according to Table 9.1.
  11. Compare noble metals and precious metals.
  12. Describe pure titanium.
  13. Describe the three major classes of water-based permanent luting cements.
  14. List the three types of resin cements.
  15. Compare low-strength and high-strength bases.
  16. State the reasons the clinical use of amalgam is decreasing.
  17. Define cohesion and adhesion.
  18. State the purposes of acid etching.
  19. Describe conditioning, priming and bonding.
  20. Describe the various curing systems.
  21. Describe the four types of dental porcelains.
  22. Describe the physical properties of porcelain.
  23. List the four techniques used to fabricate restorations.
  24. Compare the ceramic-noble metal systems and the ceramic-base metal systems.
  25. Discuss sealer cements.
  26. Define a space maintainer, retainer and aligners.
  27. List a few common abrasives and their applications from Table 25.2.
  28. Discuss the reaction to mercury from amalgam restorations.
  29. Describe enamel, dentin and cementum.
  30. Describe dental implants and the failure rate.

Course Contents


  1. Properties of materials – tensile properties
  2. Toughness, elastic/plastic behavior, and hardness
  3. Physical properties of materials
  4. Adhesion and cohesion
  5. Mechanical adhesion
  6. Dental hard tissues
  7. Bone

Laboratory materials

  1. Gypsum materials
  2. Die materials
  3. Dental waxes
  4. Investments and casting

Dental biomaterials

  1. Inelastic impression materials
  2. Elastic impression materials
  3. Occlusal (bite) registration materials
  4. Precious metal alloys
  5. Base metal alloys
  6. Porcelain bonding alloys
  7. Implant metals
  8. Partial denture base materials
  9. Complete denture bases – acrylic resin
  10. Modified acrylics and other denture base resins
  11. Denture fracture and repair
  12. Denture liners
  13. Denture cleansing
  14. Dental luting
  15. Cavity varnishes, liners, and bases
  16. Provisional (temporary) dental cements
  17. Inorganic (acid-base reaction) cements
  18. Resin-modified and resin cements
  19. Denture adhesives
  20. Dental amalgam
  21. Adhesive dentistry
  22. Bonding to dentin
  23. Composite restorative resins
  24. Endodontic filling materials
  25. Provisional filling materials and restorations
  26. Materials in periodontics
  27. Dental porcelain
  28. Manipulation and properties of porcelain
  29. Strengthening porcelain
  30. Advance ceramic systems
  31. CAD-CAM restorations
  32. Orthodontic materials
  33. Grinding, polishing, and finishing
  34. Adverse effects of dental biomaterials
  35. Dental erosion