After completing this course you will be able to:
DIGESTIVE DISEASES STATISTICS
- List four various digestive diseases, prevalence, mortality, hospitalizations, physician office visits, prescriptions and costs.
FACTS AND FALLACIES ABOUT DIGESTIVE DISEASES
- Separate facts and fallacies about digestive diseases.
- Discuss with the patient causes of hiatal hernia, heartburn, peptic ulcer disease, celiac sprue, inflammatory bowel disease, pancreatitis and cirrhosis.
YOUR DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND HOW IT WORKS
- Explain how food is digested.
- Describe the movement of food through the digestive system.
- Explain how digestive juices are crucial to the process of digestion.
- Describe how carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins, and water and salt are absorbed and transported from the digestive system.
- Explain how hormone and nerve regulators control the digestive process.
HARMFUL AFFECTS OF MEDICINE ON THE ADULT DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
- For the digestive organs (esophagus, stomach, intestine, and liver) list various over the counter and prescription medicines that can cause harmful effects.
- List warning signs and precautions to be taken for the following digestive disorders: irritation of the esophagus and the stomach, esophageal reflux, delayed emptying of the stomach, constipation, diarrhea, and liver problems.
IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS)
- Define irritable bowel syndrome, and distinguish it from other, more serious organic disorders, such as colitis, spastic colon, and functional bowel disease.
- Discuss causes of IBS, list its symptoms and describe the role of diet and stress in treating IBS.
GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE
- Define gastroesophageal reflux.
- List at least 5 factors that contribute to GERD
- List 6 tips to control heartburn.
- Discuss diagnostic procedures for the assessment of GERD
- The movement of bile cells from the intestine to the stomach to produce a more harmful reflux material.
GAS IN THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
- List two main causes of gas in the digestive tract.
- List various foods that cause gas in the following categories: sugars, starches and fiber
- Describe four most common symptoms of gas.
- Discuss three common ways to reduce the discomfort of gas.
- Define constipation
- List 11 common causes of constipation.
- List 11 diseases that cause constipation.
- Describe four diagnostic tests and physical examinations that are necessary proper assessment of constipation.
- Describe four treatments for constipation.
BLEEDING IN THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
- Identify 11 causes of bleeding in the digestive tract.
- List 5 ways of recognizing blood in the stool and vomit.
- List 6 symptoms of acute bleeding and four symptoms of chronic bleeding.
- Describe at least five diagnostic techniques of detecting bleeding in the digestive tract.
- Discuss two major treatment procedures for bleeding in the digestive tract.
- Define lactose intolerance and describe three tests to diagnose lactose intolerance.
- Discuss two primary methods of treating lactose intolerance.
- Identify eight categories of food products that may contain lactose.
STOMACH AND DUODENAL ULCERS
- Define ulcer and identify three factors that cause ulcer development.
- Discuss the role of H. pylori in the development of ulcer.
- Discuss the treatment of ulcers in terms of lifestyle changes, medicines, and surgery.
- Describe the treatment with antibiotics for patients with h.pylori.
- Describe three common types of surgery for patients with ulcers.
- Describe 4 symptoms of hemorrhoids.
- Discuss three treatments for hemorrhoids, including four surgical treatments for the removal of hemorrhoids.
- Identify four preventive measures for hemorrhoids
DIVERTICULOSIS AND DIVERTICULITIS
- Describe Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis and discuss their symptoms and their treatments.
- Distinguish between Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis.
- Describe the digestive tract affected by Crohn’s disease.
- Discuss causes, treatment and control of Crohn’s disease.
- Identify the areas of the digestive tract that are usually affected by ulcerative colitis.
- Discuss causes and treatment for ulcerative colitis.
CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER
- Identify at least four major causes of cirrhosis.
- Discuss at least six symptoms of cirrhosis.
- Describe two types of gallstones, cholesterol stones and pigment stones.
- Discuss at least four causes of gallstones.
- Identify seven groups of people who are most likely to develop gallstones.
- Describe and distinguish between two kinds of gallbladder surgery.
- Identify at least four causes of acute pancreatitis and describe three symptoms of acute pancreatitis.
- Distinguish between acute and chronic pancreatitis.
To assess the effectiveness of the course material, we ask that you evaluate your achievement of each learning objective on a scale of A to D (A=excellent, B=good, C=fair, D=unsatisfactory). Please indicate your responses next to each learning objective and return it to us with your completed exam.