Alternative Medicine

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  • Category: Alternative Medicine
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Learning Objectives

After completing this course you’ll be able to:

  1. Define biomedicine.
  2. Discuss the development of the biomedical system in the United States.
  3. State 3 reasons why a nurse needs to be familiar with alternative medical practices in the United States.
  4. State the scope of utilization of alternative medical resources in America in the 1990s.
  5. List 5 unifying threads common to most alternative medical systems.
  6. List 4 concepts important to the rationale behind alternative medical treatments.
  7. List and discuss 4 types of barriers to a fair, unbiased scientific evaluation of alternative therapies.
  8. Discuss the role of the Office of Alternative Medicine.
  9. Discuss Western and non-Western perspectives on mind-body separation.
  10. Define “mind-body.”
  11. Discuss the relationship between healing and curing.
  12. Discuss the relevance of perceived meaning to health and illness.
  13. Define the placebo response.
  14. Define spirituality.
  15. State one connection between spirituality and health.
  16. State the connection between psychological stances and cancer survival.
  17. Define psychotherapy, and list 2 clinical applications.
  18. Define meditation and list 4 possible effects on health.
  19. Define imagery, and list 3 categories of usage.
  20. Define hypnosis, and list 5 health care applications.
  21. Define biofeedback, and list 2 conditions for which biofeedback is utilized therapeutically.
  22. Define yoga.
  23. List 4 benefits of yoga.
  24. Define dance/movement therapy [DMT].
  25. List 4 possible goals for dance/movement therapy.
  26. Discuss the underlying assumption in DMT.
  27. Define music therapy, and list 4 clinical applications.
  28. Define art therapy, and list 2 clinical applications.
  29. Discuss the relationship between spirituality and healing.
  30. Discuss the concept of nonlocality.
  31. Define bioelectromagnetics (BEM).
  32. Differentiate between endogenous and exogenous fields.
  33. List 4 applications of BEM.
  34. Define TENS.
  35. Discuss the “hierarchy of resort.”
  36. List 6 characteristics of the major formal systems of medical practice.
  37. Define 3 major types of illnesses.
  38. Discuss the conceptual basis for traditional Oriental medicine.
  39. Define “qi.”
  40. List 4 treatment modalities associated with traditional Oriental medicine, and give a clinical application of each.
  41. Define acupuncture and state how it restores health.
  42. Define Ayurvedic medicine.
  43. Define the following terms:
    1. Dosha
    2. Nadi vigyan
    3. Panchakarma
  44. Define homeopathy, and discuss its development in the United States.
  45. State the major use of homeopathic medicine in the U.S.
  46. List 3 underlying movements of anthroposophical medicine.
  47. Discuss the threefold model of the human mind-body processes.
  48. List 8 primary principles of naturopathic medicine.
  49. Discuss the relevance of naturopathic medicine to women.
  50. Define environmental medicine.
  51. Discuss 4 clinical conditions addressed by environmental medicine.
  52. Discuss the concept of adaptation as pertaining to environmental medicine.
  53. State 4 features common to community based health care systems.
  54. Define the following terms:
    1. Shaman
    2. Powwower
    3. Medicine wheel
  55. Discuss the role of the “sing” in Dineh healing practices.
  56. Define curanderismo.
  57. List 4 Mexican-American folk illnesses and a treatment associated with each.
  58. State one example of an urban community-based health care system.
  59. State the underlying concept of the physical healing methods.
  60. State 4 major principles of osteopathy.
  61. List 4 manual medical methods taught in osteopathic colleges.
  62. State the underlying concern of chiropractic science.
  63. List 4 major points of chiropractic philosophy.
  64. State 3 areas in which chiropractic manipulation has demonstrated effectiveness.
  65. Define massage therapy.
  66. List 4 major types of massage practice.
  67. Discuss 3 clinical applications for massage therapy.
  68. Define pressure point therapy, and list 3 examples of pressure point therapy.
  69. State the underlying principle of postural reeducation therapies, and list 3 examples.
  70. Describe the basic practice involved in “rolling.”
  71. Describe the scope of biofield therapeutics as a healing practice.
  72. List 4 forms of biofield therapy taught in medical establishments.
  73. List 3 major hypotheses about the biofield.
  74. Give 4 examples of clinical results of biofield therapy.
  75. Define the following:
    1. Applied kinesiology
    2. Polarity therapy
    3. Qiqong longevity exercises
    4. Craniosacral therapy
  76. Discuss the relationship of physical therapy to alternative medicine.
  77. List 3 themes common to alternative pharmacological approaches.
  78. Define and state one clinical application of each of the following:
    1. Antinioplastons
    2. Cartilage products
    3. EDTA chelation therapy
    4. Ozone
    5. Immunoaugmentative therapy
    6. 714-X
    7. Hoxsey method
    8. Essiac
    9. Coley’s toxins
    10. MTH-68
    11. Neural therapy;
    12. Apitherapy
    13. Iscador
    14. Revici’s guided chemotherapy
  79. Discuss the scope of herbal medicine usage in the 20th century.
  80. 80. State a clinical application for each of the following:
    1. Echinacea
    2. Ginkgo biloba
    3. Ginseng root
    4. Dryopteris root
    5. Trikatu
  81. List 3 sources of information on herbal medicines.
  82. Summarize the difference in attitudes towards herbal medicine between Europe and the United States.
  83. State the connection between affluent diet and disease.
  84. State the shift in focus of nutrition research in recent decades.
  85. Define RDA.
  86. Differentiate between RDAs and the Food Guide Pyramid.
  87. Discuss the safety of vitamin and mineral supplementation.
  88. Define orthomolecular medicine and give one example.
  89. State one nutritional approach to treating each of the following conditions:AIDS
    1. Asthma
    2. Cancer
    3. Arteriosclerosis
  90. Give 3 examples of modification diets as a method for treating cancer.
  91. Describe the Pritikin and Ornish diets.
  92. Discuss the role of food elimination diets.
  93. List 3 alternative dietary lifestyles common in the United States.
  94. Discuss health risks associated with strict vegetarian diets.
  95. Define cultural diet.
  96. 96. Give an example of one connection between nutrition and disease prevention in each of the following diets:
    1. Asian diet
    2. Mediterranean diet
    3. Native American diet
  97. Discuss 3 challenges in educating clients in nutritional practices.

Table of Contents



Executive Summary

Major Contributors


Part I: Fields of Practice

  • Mind-Body Interventions
  • Bioelectromagnetics Applications in Medicine
  • Alternative Systems of Medical Practice
  • Manual Healing Methods
  • Pharmacological and Biological Treatments
  • Herbal Medicine
  • Diet and Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Disease

Part II: Conclusion, Appendixes, Glossary, and Index

  • Conclusion
  • Appendix A: Plant Sources of Modern Drugs
  • Abbreviations and Glossary

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