Human Sexuality

Learning Objectives and Course Outline            

Chapter One        What Is Human Sexuality?

What Is Human Sexuality?

Thinking Critically About Human Sexuality

 

Perspectives on Human Sexuality

The Historical Perspective

The Biological Perspective

The Cross‑Cultural Perspective

Psychological Perspectives

Sociocultural Perspectives

 

Research Methods in Human Sexuality

Populations and Samples: Representing the World of

Diversity

Methods of Observation

 

 

Chapter Two       Female Sexual Anatomy and Physiology

The Female Sex Organs

External Sex Organs

Internal Sex Organs

The Breasts

Breast Cancer

 

The Menstrual Cycle

Regulation of the Menstrual Cycle

Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Sex during Menstruation

Menopause

 

Menstrual Problems

Dysmenorrhea

Amenorrhea

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

 

  Chapter Three            Male Sexual Anatomy and Physiology

 

The Male Sex Organs

External Sex Organs

Internal Sex Organs

 

Diseases of the Urogenital System

Urethritis

Cancer of the Testes

Disorders of the Prostate

 

Male Sexual Functions

Erection

Spinal Reflexes and Sexual Response

Ejaculation


Chapter Four      Sexual Response and Behavior

 

Making Sense of Sex: The Role of the Senses in Sexual Arousal

Vision: The Better to See You With

Smell: Does the Nose Know Best?

The Skin Senses: Sex as a Touching Experience

Taste: On Savory Sex

Hearing: The Better to Hear You With

 

Aphrodisiacs: Of Spanish Flies and Rhino Horns

Psychoactive Drugs

 

Sex Hormones: Do They "Goad" Us into Sex?

Sex Hormones and Sexual Behavior

The Sexual Response Cycle

Excitement Phase

Plateau Phase

Orgasmic Phase

Resolution Phase

Kaplan's Three Stages of Sexual Response: An Alternative Model

 

Controversies about Orgasm

Multiple Orgasms

How Many Kinds of Orgasms Do Women Have? S9

The G‑Spot

 

Sexual Behavior

Solitary Sexual Behavior

Sex with Others

 

  Chapter Five       Gender identity and Gender Roles

 

Prenatal Sexual Differentiation

The Role of Sex Hormones in Sexual Differentiation

Descent of the Testes and the Ovaries


Sex Chromosomal Abnormalities

Prenatal Sexual Differentiation of the Brain

 

Gender Identity

Nature and Nurture in Gender Identity

Hermaphroditism

Transsexualism

 

Gender Roles and Stereotypes

 

Sexism

 

Gender Differences: Vive la Difference or Vive la Similarite

Differences in Cognitive Abilities

Differences in Personality

 

On Becoming a Man or a Woman: Gender Typing

Biological Perspectives

Cross‑Cultural Perspectives

Psychological Perspectives

 

Psychological Androgyny: The More Traits, the Merrier?

Psychological Androgyny, Psychological Well‑Being, and Personal Development

Psychological Androgyny and Sexual Behavior

 

 

Chapter Six           Attraction and Love

 

Attraction

Physical Attractiveness: How Important Is Looking Good?

The Matching Hypothesis: Who Is "Right" for You?

Similarity in Attitudes: Do Opposites Attract?

Reciprocity: If You Like Me, You Must Have Excellent Judgment

 

Love

The Greek Heritage

Romantic Love in Contemporary Western Culture

Contemporary Models of Love: Dare Science Intrude?

 

 

Chapter Seven     Relationships, Intimacy, and Communication

 

The ABC(DE)s of Romantic Relationships

The As‑Attraction

The B's‑Building

The C's‑Continuation

The D's‑Deterioration

The E's‑Ending

 

Intimacy

Knowing and Liking Yourself

Trusting and Caring

Being Honest

Making a Commitment

Maintaining Individuality When the I Becomes We

Communicating

 

Communication Skills for Enhancing Relationships and Sexual Relations

Common Difficulties in Sexual Communication

Getting Started

Listening to the Other Side

Learning About Your Partner's Needs

Providing Information

Making Requests

Handling Impasses

 

 

Chapter Eight                Sexual Orientation =

 

Classification of Sexual Orientation

The Kinsey Continuum

Bisexuality

 

Perspectives on Gay Male and Lesbian Sexual Orientations

Historical Perspectives

Cross‑Cultural Perspectives

Attitudes toward Sexual Orientation in Contemporary Society

Biological Perspectives

Psychological Perspectives

 

Adjustment of Gay Males and Lesbians

"Treatment" of Gay Male and Lesbian Sexual Orientations

 

Gay Male and Lesbian Sexual Behavior

 

Gay Lifestyles

Lifestyle Differences between Gay Males and Lesbians

Variations in Gay Lifestyles

 

 

Chapter Nine      Conception, Pregnancy, and Childbirth

 

Infertility and Alternative Ways of Becoming Parents

Male Fertility Problems

Female Fertility Problems

 

Pregnancy

Early Signs of Pregnancy

Pregnancy Tests


Early Effects of Pregnancy

Miscarriage

Sex during Pregnancy 

Psychological Changes during Pregnancy

Prenatal Development

The Germinal Stage

The Embryonic Stage

The Fetal Stage

Environmental Influences on Prenatal Development

Chromosomal and Genetic Abnormalities

 

Childbirth

The Stages of Childbirth

Methods of Childbirth

 

Birth Problems

Anoxia

Preterm and Low‑Birthweight Children

 

The Postpartum Period

Maternal Depression

Breast‑Feeding Versus Bottle‑Feeding

Resumption of Sexual Activity

 

 

Chapter Ten                 Contraception and Abortion

 

Contraception

Oral Contraceptives ("the Pill")

Norplant

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs)

The Diaphragm

Spermicides

The Cervical Cap

Condoms

Douching

Withdrawal (Coitus Interruptus)


Fertility Awareness Methods (Rhythm Methods)

Sterilization

Other Devices

 

Abortion

Methods of Abortion

 

 

Chapter Eleven             Sexuality Across the Life Span

 

Childhood

Infancy (0 to 2 Years)

Early Childhood (3 to 8 Years)

Preadolescence (9 to 13 Years)

Sex Education and Miseducation

 

Adolescence

Puberty

Sexual Behavior

Teenage Pregnancy

 

Adulthood

Single Hood

Cohabitation: Darling, Would You Be My POSSLQ

Marriage

Marital Sexuality

Extramarital Sex

Divorce

 

Sex in the Later Years

Physical Changes

Sexual Behavior

 

Sex and Disability

Physical Disabilities

Psychological Disabilities

Chapter Twelve            Sexual Dysfunctions

 

Types of Sexual Dysfunctions

Sexual Desire Disorders

Sexual Arousal Disorders

Orgasmic Disorders

Sexual Pain Disorders

 

Origins of Sexual Dysfunctions

Organic Causes

Psychosocial Causes

 

Treatment of Sexual Dysfunctions

The Masters and Johnson Approach

The Helen Singer Kaplan Approach

Treatment of Sexual Desire Disorders

Treatment of Sexual Arousal Disorders

Treatment of Orgasmic Disorders

Treatment of Sexual Pain Disorders

Evaluation of Sex Therapy

Biological Treatments of Premature Ejaculation and Erectile Disorder

 

 

Chapter Thirteen          Sexually Transmitted Diseases

 

Bacterial Diseases

Gonorrhea

Syphilis

Chlarnydia

Other Bacterial Diseases

 

Vaginal infections

Bacterial Vaginosis

Candidiasis

Trichomoniasis

 

Viral Diseases


AIDS

Herpes

Viral Hepatitis

Genital Warts                                                                                                    t

 

Ectoparasitic Infestations

Pediculosis

Scabies

 

Chapter Fourteen           Atypical Sexual Variations

 

Normal Versus Deviant Sexual Behavior The Paraphilias        

Fetishism

Transvestism

Exhibitionism

Obscene Telephone Calling

Voyeurism

Sexual Masochism

Sexual Sadism

Frotteurism

Other Paraphilias


Theoretical Perspectives

Biological Perspective

Psychoanalytic Perspectives

Learning Perspectives

Sociological Perspectives

An Integrated Perspective: The "Lovemap"

 

Treatment of the Paraphilias

Psychotherapy

Behavior Therapy

Biochemical Approaches

 

 

Chapter Fifteen            Sexual Coercion

 

Rape

Incidence of Rape

Types of Rapes

Social Attitudes and Myths That Encourage Rape

Sociocultural Factors in Rape

Psychological Characteristics of Rapists

Adjustment of Rape Survivors

Treatment of Rape Survivors

 

Sexual Abuse of Children

What Is Child Sexual Abuse?

Patterns of Abuse

Pedophilia

Incest

Effects of Child Sexual Abuse

Treatment of Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse

 

Treatment of Rapists and Child Molesters

 

Sexual Harassment

 

 

Chapter Sixteen          Commercial Sex

 

 

Prostitution

Types of Female Prostitutes

Characteristics of Female Prostitutes

Customers of Female Prostitutes

Male Prostitution

HIV, AIDS, and Prostitution

 

Pornography and obscenity

What Is Pornographic?

Prevalence and Use of Pornography

Pornography and Sexual Coercion

 

Sex in Advertising

Advertising and Gender‑Role Stereotypes

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