Healthy Immune System


Healthy Immune System

Learning Objectives

After completing the course, you'll be able to:

  1. Give an overview of the immune system, its complexity and its remarkable ability to distinguish between "self" and "nonself."
  2.  Describe how the immune system is able to distinguish between self and nonself.
  3.  Explain how T cells contribute to the immune defenses.
  4.  Contrast between humoral immunity and cellular immunity.
  5.  Indicate the role played by immunoglobulins in the immune defense strategy.
  6.  Identify different ways antibodies work in the immune system.
  7.  Describe how the complement system works to destroy bacteria.
  8.  Explain how the body mounts an immune response to infections produced by bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi.
  9.  Outline the role played by biotechnology in the development of vaccines.
  10. Discuss autoimmune diseases and list various factors that may be their cause.
  11. Provide an explanation about immune complex diseases.
  12. Provide an explanation about immune complex diseases.
  13. Describe the causes and course of various autoimmune diseases. 
  14. Identify various immunodeficiency diseases.
  15. Name at least four cancers of the immune system.
  16. Describe how the science has tackled the problem of body rejecting the transplant of foreign tissue.
  17. Describe what an idiotype is and explain the interaction between idiotypes and antiido-types.
  18. Describe the connection between the immune system and the nervous system.
  19. Outline the research that's being carried out using hybridoma technology.

  20. Describe innate immunity and explain how the immune system protects against invading organisms.
  21. Identify four portals of entry and explain how each provides innate immunity.
  22. Define and explain the following terms: host defense, natural resistance, hypersensitivity, autoimmunity, and immune deficiency.
  23. Discuss the ways microorganisms may enter the human body and the mechanisms of natural resistance the human body has to resist infection.
  24. List the various types of white blood cells (WBCs), differentiate them as lymphoid or non-lymphoid and describe the function of each type.
  25. Briefly describe the immune response discussing the roles of macrophages, B-lymphocytes and T-lymphocytes, and the interactions between these cells.
  26. Compare and contrast humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
  27. Compare and contrast "active" and "passive" immunity.
  28. Discuss how the immune response accomplishes "recognition," "specificity," and "memory."
  29. Describe the three primary methods of preparing a vaccine.
  30. Discuss the problems associated with preparing a vaccine against HIV.
  31. Describe what an immunodeficiency is and how someone can acquire an immunodeficiency.
  32. Review the history of the development of immunology.
  33. Describe functions of the organs and cells of the immune system.
  34. Explain how we can improve our immune function by adopting good nutrition, stress reduction, plant nutrients, and vitamins and minerals.
  35. Describe how free radicals can damage the immune system, resulting in the formation of cancer cells, premature aging, etc.
  36. Describe the role of vitamins– vitamin A, E and C and beta-carotene in enhancing the immune system.
  37. Explain several ways that scientists are exploring to repair the damage done to the body's immune system due to HIV.
  38. Answer questions about plant fats–sterols and sterolins–and their impact on our immune system.
  39. Select several fruits, vegetables and cereals that are rich in plant sterols.
  40. Describe the deleterious effect of stress on our immune system.
  41. List several stress-busting tips and administer a stress test to determine the immune status of a patient.
  42. List 10 nutrients to support immune function.
  43. Identify five types of anxiety disorders and list general symptoms for each of these disorders.
  44. Describe conventional treatment for anxiety and stress and provide an overview of pharmaceutical approach to reducing anxiety and stress.
  45. Describe the use of Adapton in the treatment of stress, anxiety and depression.
  46. List some common symptoms of depression
  47. Make the connection between depression and overactive immunity.
  48. Suggest some natural remedies in prescribed dosages that may be effective in the treatment of depression.
  49. Explain how endurance/distance exercises performed at intense levels can suppress the immune system.
  50. Identify two breeds of "friendly" bacteria and expound upon their effect on the ability of white cells to attack and destroy hostile microogranisms.
  51. Describe the immune-enhancing anti-viral, anti-cancer, anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties of lactoferrin.
  52. Identify several natural sources of lactoferrin. 
  53. Describe the function of adrenal glands and name the steroid hormones produced by these glands and their usefulness in regulating the body's various physiological functions.
  54. Make an assessment of adrenal fatigue in a patient listing various symptoms
  55. List foods that are rich in phytosterols.
  56. Describe how phytosterols can help fight hepatitis C, stress, prostate, heart disease, high cholesterol and cancer.
  57. Define "glycation" and explain its effect on age-related diseases such as arterial stiffening, cataract, and neurological impairment.
  58. Describe the antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial properties of garlic and garlic's role in boosting body's immune capacity
  59. Emphasize the importance of protein in the diet to prevent cancer, osteoporosis and heart disease.
  60. Explain how eating too much can depress immunity.
  61. List 10 richest sources of amino acids.
  62. Describe the mechanism of infection and list 3 factors that influence infection.
  63. Describe the treatment of cold using 3 alternative and complementary medicinal approach. 
  64. Describe 4 types of immunological reactions to allergens.
  65. Explain why some people are affected by allergies and others are not, and the role played by our immune system in fighting off allergic symptoms.
  66. Describe the role played by the immune system in the development of osteoporosis.
  67. List the symptoms of herpes and outline immunologic approach to preventing herpes attacks
  68. Prescribe an alternative therapy regimen for the treatment of shingles.
  69. Explain what cancer is and why we get cancer.
  70. Name several fruits and vegetables that are especially rich in cancer-blocking agents.
  71. Compare the relative merits of breast self-examination, mammogram and Mammastatin Serum Assay in detecting breast cancer and identifying women at risk of developing breast cancer.
  72. Describe how the phase of the menstrual cycle at the time of surgery affects the survival rate of women with breast cancer
  73. Describe the epidemiology of asthma and identify several asthma "triggers."
  74. Describe how the herbal tonic RespirAction can help relieve symptoms of allergies and asthma.
  75. Identify various anti-asthma nutrients and vitamins.
  76. List five types of eczema, their symptoms and causes
  77. Relate the impact of negative factors such as smoking, drug abuse and environmental toxins on the progression from the asymptomatic HIV to the life-threatening AIDS disease.
  78. Describe the adverse side effects of the anti-HIV drugs.
  79. Explain how plant sterols and sterolins help fight autoimmune diseases and restore the balance in the body's immune system.
  80. List environmental and personal factors that can impair immune function.
  81. Recommend a regimen of natural supplements and lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of autoimmune diseases.
  82. Define anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukopenia, and describe their general causes.
  83. Describe the pathophysiology of three types of anemias–pernicious anemia, folic acid deficiency anemia and iron deficiency anemia–and review their common treatments.
  84. Describe the treatment for preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced leukopenia.
  85. Compare CFIDS with other illnesses such as fibromyalgia, neurally mediated hypotension (NMH), chronic lyme disease and intestinal cystitis.
  86. Provide answers to common questions about CFIDS, such as what it is, its diagnosis, who gets it, its symptoms, its treatment, etc.
  87. Provide a case definition for CFIDS and list eight primary and several other common symptoms of CFIDS. 
  88. Identify the symptoms of fibromyalgia, process of diagnosis and nursing interventions.
  89. Compare and contrast the symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome.
  90. Answer questions of a patient with compromised immune system concerning preventing Cryptosporidiosis.
  91. List steps a person should take to reduce the risk of getting Crypto.
  92. Define ITP and describe the cause and pathophysiology of chronic ITP.


Evaluation of Individual Objectives

To assess the effectiveness of the course material, we ask that you evaluate your achievement of each learning objective on a scale of A to D (A=excellent, B=good, C=fair, D=unsatisfactory). Please indicate your responses next to each learning objective and return it to us with your completed exam.

Healthy Immune System

Course Outline

1.   Understanding The Immune System     


 Self and Nonself

 Genes and the Markers of Self

 The Anatomy of the Immune System

 T Cells and Lymphokines

 The Cells and Secretions of the Immune System     


 B Cells and Antibodies     

 Natural Killer Cells     

 Phagocytes, Granulocytes, and Their Relatives     


 Mounting an Immune Response     

 A Billion Antibodies     

 A Web of Idiotypes     

 Receptors for Recognizing Antigen   

 Immunity, Natural and Acquired         

 Vaccines Through Biotechnology  

 Disorders of the Immune System: Allergy        

 Autoimmune Diseases         

 Immune Complex Diseases         

 Immunodeficiency Diseases       

 Cancers of the Immune System   

 Bone Marrow Transplants          

 Immunology and Transplants

 Privileged Immunity         

 Immunity and Cancer     

 The Immune System and the Nervous System     

 Frontiers in Immunology: Hybridoma Technology     

2.   Host Defense, Natural Resistance and The Immune System  


 Natural Resistance   

 The Immune System   

What is immunology?        

What are the organs and tissues of the immune system?   

What are antibody and complement molecules and what are their functions?    

What are the cells of the immune system?    

 The Immune Response   

3.   Strengthening The Immune System  

 Rev Up Your Immune System to Prevent Disease     

The Harmful Role of Free Radicals

Nutritional Immunology     

The Role of Vitamins     

Vitamin A   


Vitamin E    

Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)

Coenzyme Q10

Alpha lipoic acid

Food That Harms

Nutrition Is the Fuel For Immune Cells

Plant Fats Balance The Immune System 

Stress Reduction Essential To Immune Function

 What Are Sterols and Sterolins?

Why supplement?  

Frequently Asked Questions on  Sterols and Sterolins

What are sterols and sterolins?

Is there any research behind this product?

Is Moducare safe? Are there side effects? 

Any contraindications or drug interactions?

Are sterols the same as steroids? 

Will these plant fats make me gain weight?    

Is this an immune “booster” like echinacea?

How should I take Moducare?   

Do I have to take it on an empty stomach?  

Can I take too much?  

 Healthy Immune System Is Defense Against Illness 

 Immune Restoration After HIV Infection   

What is immune restoraration?  

How can the immune system be restored?   

Are new T-cells as good as old? 

 Five Steps to Optimal Immunity   

Defenders of Our Immune System  

Food that Harms and Food that Heals

Spiritual Well-being Helps   

Exercise–Too Much Can Be Bad   

 Aiding Immunity: Plants to the Rescue  

Food Is No Longer Enough

Power of Plants

Sterol Family

Aid For AIDS

 How Three Amino Acids Can Strengthen Your Immune System by 34%    

4.   Stress, Anxiety and Depression

 Stress, Aging and Cortisol:  The Immune/ Endocrine Connection

Stress and Our Body Chemistry    

Mother Nature’s Cortisol Balancer    

Stress-Busting Tips    

Stress Test to Determine Immune Status   

 Stress: At The Root of Women’s Health Issues     

Too Much Stress Equals Disease    

The Cortisol:DHEA Ratio    

What Can We Do?    

 Anxiety and Stress Disease Therapy Protocol    

Anxiety Disorders    


Conventional Treatments for Anxiety and Stress     

Moderate Exercise     


Other Beneficial Treatments for Anxiety and Stress    


 Move Over Proza: Depression and Immunity

Immune-Boosting Drugs and Depression     

Overactive Immunity     

Stress, Cortisol and Inflammation     

Treatments That Work       

 Performance Immunity    


5.   Friendly Bacteria    

 Bacteria That Strengthen The Immune System    

Whole Body Protection     


 Lactoferrin: The Bioactive Peptide  That Fights Disease     


How to Obtain Lactoferrin    

Anti-Viral Effects    

Anti-Cancer Effects    

Anti-Microbial Effects   

Lactoferrin as an Antioxidant    


Further Reading    


6.   Fighting Off Diseases  


Supplemental Steroids and Adrenal Disease     

Adrenal Fatigue    

Treatment of Adrenal Fatigue     

Adrenal Function and Aging     

Summary For Treating Adrenal Fatigue     

Summary For Maintaining Corticosteroid Balance To Prevent Aging        

 Phytosterols for Hepatitis C, Stress, Prostate, Heart Disease, High Cholesterol and Cancer    

Human Research Proves Plant Sterols’ Action    

Sterols Lower Cholesterol    

Sterols: Great Stress Busters    

Sterols Halt Hepatitis C    

Sterols, Heart Disease and DHEA    

Prostate Problems Eliminated    

Stop Cervical Cancer    

The Future of Phytosterols    

 Why Antioxidants Aren’t Enough    

Gaining Control Over Our Biochemistry    

Protein Browning    

Alzheimer’s Disease    

Protecting Brain Chemistry    

Carnosine Summary     

Beyond Antioxidants    


 Free Radicals Beware: There’s Garlic Present    

Green Tea, Your Coffee Substitute    

 Eating Too Much Depresses  Immunity    

Are you digesting what you eat?  

 Linus Pauling and Vitamin C Vindicated

Warning–Killer Sugar   

 Protein Power Protection    

Cancer, Osteoporosis, Heart Disease, Energy and Fat Burning    

Protein protects our heart     

Lower cholesterol and triglycerides   


Soy and Whey Protein May Help Prevent Breast Cancer    

 Common Cold  


Vitamin C 

Vitamin C: how much is too much?   

Zinc Gluconate    



N-Acetyl Cysteine (NAC)  



Can Infection be Prevented?    

Signs of a More Serious Infection


 Seniors: Is Your Flu Vaccine Protecting You? 

 Prostate Problems   


Types of Reactions  

Avoidance of Allergens 

Therapeutic Options


 Stop Allergies Where They Start– In Your  Immune System     


 Vitamin C Supplements Ease Exercise– Triggered Asthma.

 Say Goodbye To Seasonal Allergies   

Plant Nutrients to the Rescue

 Phytosterols Rescue Arthritis Sufferers  

Guidelines for Diagnosing Rheumatoid Arthritis    

 Osteoporosis – An Immune System Disease?  

Stress, the Immune System, and Bone Loss

Risk Factor Checklist for Osteoporosis    

 New Research on Hepatitis C  

 Plant Sterols–The Missing Key in the Battle Against Herpes.  

 Shingles: The Herpes Virus Strikes Again

Potent Antiviral Agent   

Vitamin E 

Vitamin C 


 Cold Sore Treatment Plan   

 Fight Cancer and Win   

Why do we get cancer?   

What is cancer?  

Natural Therapies Pack a Punch    

Sterols and Sterolins, Star Cancer Protectives   

DHEA, Cortisol and Immune Enhancement    

 Prostate Cancer in Remission

 New Blood Test for Breast Cancer 

Breast Cancer Surger

Soy and whey protein may help prevent  breast cancer     

Stop cervical cancer    

 Asthma, More Than A Bad Air Day  

What “Triggers” Asthma? 

Exercise-induced Asthma  

Herbal Tonic to Breathe Easy  

Nutrients Reduce Attacks

Link Between Pollution and Asthma   


 Fight Cancer and Win   

 Eliminate Eczema  



Prescription For Health   

Other recommendations   

Health tips to enhance eczema healing    

Health fact   

 Stopping HIV-1 And AIDS Through Total Health Management 

 Autoimmunity – When Your Body Attacks Itself     

What is autoimmunity?   

Plant Sterols and Sterolins Return Balance    


 Autoimmune Diseases Therapies Protocol  


Basic Pathways of Autoimmune Dysfunction  

The Effect of Natural Supplements  on the Autoimmune System       

Other Considerations



General Causes of Anemia   

Symptoms of Anemia    

Common Dietary Anemias  

Pernicious anemia (lack of vitamin B12)  

Folic acid deficiency anemia   

Iron deficiency anemia

The anti-anemia drug  

Treatment of pernicious anemia

Treatment of folic acid deficiency anemia

Treatment of iron deficiency anemia

Other nutritional approaches    


Preventing and treating anemia caused by HIV antiviral drugs


Preventing and treating chemotherapy  induced leukopenia


 HIV (Immune Deficiency) Treatment 

The Critical Importance of Glutathione

Substances That Boost Glutathione Levels    

Blood Tests  

Immune Cell Subset Testing 

Cell-Mediated Immunity Tests   

Natural Killer Function 

7.   Understanding CFIDS

What is CFIDS?   

How is CFIDS diagnosed?   

What are other common symptoms?    

How is CFIDS  treated?   

How many people have CFIDS?   

Who gets CFIDS?   

Do PWCs get better over time?   

What causes CFIDS?   

Are viruses involved in CFIDS?   

Is CFIDS contagious?    

What precautions should PWCs take?   

Should PWCs receive flu shots or other immunizations? 

Is exercise helpful or harmful?   

Is weight gain common?   

Is depression common?   

What role does stress play in this illness?   

How does pregnancy affect CFIDS?   

Is CFIDS related to other illnesses?   

Why is this disease called CFS or CFIDS?   

How can I cope with and manage the illness?   

For further reading

8.    Fibromyalgia

 Fibromyalgia: The Invisible Illness     

Diagnosis Is Difficult 

What causes FM?

Treatments for Fibromyalgia

Sterinol and Fibromyalgia

Sleep, Laughter and Exercise    

5-HTP and St. John’s Wort    

Magnesium and Malic Acid    

Moducare and Fibromyalgia    

9.   Chronic ITP

 Clinical Presentation of Chronic ITP    


Clinical Findings    

Laboratory Findings    

Cause and Pathophysiology of Chronic ITP

 Evaluation of Antiplatelet Autoantibody    

 Differential Diagnosis and Prognosis of Chronic ITP

Disorders most commonly confused with chronic ITP      

 Standard Treatment of Adult Chronic ITP     

Who should treat ITP?     

Indications for treatment    

Index of treatment options    

10. People With Severely Weakened Immune System    

 Guidance For People With Severely Weakened Immune Systems




Further Information     

 Preventing Cryptosporidiosis: A Guide for People With Compromised Immune Systems    

Who might be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system?     

What is Cryptosporidiosis?    

What are the symptoms of Crypto?    

How long after infection do symptoms appear?    

How long will symptoms last?    

How does Crypto affect you if your immune system is severely weakened?   

How is Crypto spread?

I have been diagnosed with Crypto. Should I worry about spreading infection to others?    

What should I do if I think I have Crypto ?    

How is a Crypto infection diagnosed?     

What is the treatment for Crypto?    

How can I protect myself from Crypto?    

Filters designed to remove Crypto   

Filters labeled only with these words may not be designed to remove Crypto  




C  Comments:

   "Well written and comprehensive. I learned quite a bit." -B.S., RN, Nevada 

   "Great course. A lot of useful new information." -A.S., LCSW, CA 

   "Excellent material! Well written! -D.D., RN, MI

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