Facts About AIDS
After completing this course, you'll be able to:
Describe the genetic makeup of human immunodeficiency virus and explain the mode of transmission of HIV infection.
List 3 primary types of contact that can result in transmission of HIV, and distinguish these from other less efficient modes of transmission of HIV.
Explain why casual contact will not result in transmission of HIV infection.
Discuss some of the questions that a person infected with HIV may want to ask his or her healthcare provider.
Discuss possible benefits and risks of talking about your HIV infection.
List at least 6 helpful hints that may help an HIV-infected person stay well longer.
Discuss the connection between HIV and tuberculosis, syphilis, mouth and eye problems, pap tests for women with HIV, and pregnancy.
Discuss the implications of pregnancy with an HIV-infected woman, and formulate at least 7 questions that the woman may want to ask of her healthcare provider.
Describe the risk of HIV infection in certain population groups, such as intravenous drug users, homosexuals, male and female heterosexual IDUs, women, and adolescents.
Explain why intravenous drug users with unsafe sexual practices are at greatest risk of HIV infection.
Describe 3 primary tests for HIV infection detection, and explain the differences between the tests that measure the virus and those that measure the presence of antibodies to the virus in the blood.
List 5 physical conditions or symptoms that are indicative of HIV presence.
Explain the sensitivity and specificity of EIA tests with Western blot for HIV infection.
Describe 5 principles of a patient testing program.
Provide an assessment of the risk of HIV infection from patients to healthcare workers and from healthcare workers to patients.
Discuss the management of infected healthcare workers.
Explain how HIV infection progresses to AIDS, and describe physical symptoms and responses at each stage to the development of AIDS.
List at least 10 infections indicative of AIDS, and list 8 cancers associated with AIDS.
Discuss the complexity of HIV and explain why the infection is so difficult to treat or cure.
Distinguish between humoral immunity and cellular immunity.
Discuss the efficacy of condoms in preventing sexually-transmitted diseases including HIV.
List at least 10 tips in the proper use of condoms to reduce the transmission of STDs.
Define informed consent.
Debate the pros and cons of mandatory testing of all healthcare workers.
Provide at least 4 arguments against banning an HIV-infected healthcare worker from the workplace.
Discuss the principles of contagion of HIV.
Describe at least 5 precautions to take in the handling of needles.
Discuss with an AIDS patient infections to avoid, handling pets, childhood diseases and handling food.
Define universal precautions and describe six measures a healthcare worker should take in following universal precautions.
List body fluids to which universal precautions apply and other fluids to which universal precautions do not apply.
Discuss three guidelines that a healthcare worker should use with protective barriers to prevent the transmission of HIV.
Describe five guidelines to use in the selection of gloves.
Describe five precautions to take for invasive procedures.
Describe four precautions for people engaged in the practice of dentistry for prevention of transmission of HIV.
Discuss precautions to take for healthcare workers in the areas of dialysis and those working in laboratories.
Discuss the risk of HIV transmission for healthcare workers.
Discuss the principles of sterilization and disinfection in healthcare settings.
Describe the classification of work activities into three categories of potential exposure and the requirement of personal protective equipment in each category of work.
Provide examples of recommended personal protective equipment for worker protection against HIV and HBV transmission in pre-hospital settings.
Discuss the management of healthcare workers who have been exposed to blood and other infectious body fluids, hepatitis B virus, human bites, and HIV.
Describe reprocessing methods for equipment used in the pre-hospital setting using sterilization and various levels of disinfection.
Describe various new tests for detection of HIV approved by the FDA, namely Confide, Orasure Western blot, Coulter and Amplicor-HIV-1 Monitor Test.
Describe five layers of overlapping safeguards that have made the risk of HIV transmission from blood transfusion almost nil.
Discuss the role of combination drug therapy in reducing AIDS-related deaths.
Describe how protease inhibitors work.
Discuss how viral load test can help in predicting the course of AIDS disease.
Describe the progress made by researchers in developing a vaccine for AIDS.
List some of the new drugs that are being developed to fight AIDS.
Table Of Contents
Chapter 1: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Chapter 2: HIV Terms to Know
Chapter 3: Understanding HIV
Chapter 4 : Epidemiology of HIV Infection
Chapter 5: Tests for HIV
Chapter 6: Serologic Testing for Infection
Chapter 7: From HIV to AIDS
Chapter 8: Riddle of AIDS
Chapter 9: AIDS Taking Its Toll
Chapter 10: Case for Condoms
Chapter 11: HIV and the Healthcare Worker
Chapter 12: Protecting Yourself and the AIDS Patient
Chapter 13: How You Won't get AIDS
Chapter 14: Prevention of HIV in Healthcare Settings
Chapter 15: Risks to Healthcare Workers
Chapter 16: Disinfecting the Environment
Chapter 17: Employer Responsibilities
Chapter 18: New Ways to Prevent and Treat AIDS
Chapter 19: Update on AIDS
Chapter 21: AIDS Resource Guide
Appendix A: Managing Early HIV Infection
Test Your Knowledge About HIV/AIDS
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